Daily Archives: 05/09/2009

Selector DoubleClick Behaviour calling ViewModel ICommand

The other day I was at work and needed to use a WPF ListView (Selector) to call a ICommand in a ViewModel. Now we want to be good and use nice design approaches, so I thought about using the attached command capabilities of my Cinch MVVM framework. But then I thought ah I only want to call the ICommand when the user actually double clicks an Item in the ListView (Selector) and not when the double click anywhere else, like say a header, which the ListView certainly has.

So without further ado I set to work and came up with the following attached Behaviour DP

   1:  using System;
   2:  using System.Collections.Generic;
   3:  using System.Windows;
   4:  using System.Windows.Controls.Primitives;
   5:  using System.Windows.Input;
   6:  using System.Windows.Controls;
   7:   
   8:  namespace ListViewDoubleCLick
   9:  {
  10:      /// <summary>
  11:      /// Selector MouseDoubleClick calling ViewModel ICommand  
  12:      /// </summary>
  13:      public static class SelectorDoubleClickCommandBehavior
  14:      {
  15:          #region Attached DPs
  16:          #region HandleDoubleClick
  17:   
  18:          /// <summary>
  19:          /// HandleDoubleClick Attached Dependency Property
  20:          /// </summary>
  21:          public static readonly DependencyProperty 
  22:              HandleDoubleClickProperty =
  23:              DependencyProperty.RegisterAttached(
  24:              "HandleDoubleClick", 
  25:              typeof(bool), 
  26:              typeof(SelectorDoubleClickCommandBehavior),
  27:                  new FrameworkPropertyMetadata(false,
  28:                      new PropertyChangedCallback(
  29:                          OnHandleDoubleClickChanged)));
  30:   
  31:          /// <summary>
  32:          /// Gets the HandleDoubleClick property.  
  33:          /// </summary>
  34:          public static bool GetHandleDoubleClick(DependencyObject d)
  35:          {
  36:              return (bool)d.GetValue(HandleDoubleClickProperty);
  37:          }
  38:   
  39:          /// <summary>
  40:          /// Sets the HandleDoubleClick property. 
  41:          /// </summary>
  42:          public static void SetHandleDoubleClick(DependencyObject d, 
  43:              bool value)
  44:          {
  45:              d.SetValue(HandleDoubleClickProperty, value);
  46:          }
  47:   
  48:          /// <summary>
  49:          /// Hooks up a weak event against the source Selectors 
  50:          /// MouseDoubleClick if the Selector has asked for 
  51:          /// the HandleDoubleClick to be handled
  52:          /// 
  53:          /// If the source Selector has expressed an interest 
  54:          /// in not having its MouseDoubleClick handled 
  55:          /// the internal reference
  56:          /// </summary>
  57:          private static void OnHandleDoubleClickChanged(
  58:              DependencyObject d,
  59:              DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
  60:          {
  61:              Selector selector = d as Selector;
  62:   
  63:   
  64:              if (selector != null)
  65:              {
  66:                  if ((bool)e.NewValue)
  67:                  {
  68:                      selector.MouseDoubleClick -= OnMouseDoubleClick;
  69: 
  70: 
  71: 
  72: 

73: selector.MouseDoubleClick += OnMouseDoubleClick;

  74:                  }
  75:              }
  76:          }
  77:          #endregion
  78:   
  79:          #region TheCommandToRun
  80:   
  81:          /// <summary>
  82:          /// TheCommandToRun : The actual ICommand to run
  83:          /// </summary>
  84:          public static readonly DependencyProperty TheCommandToRunProperty =
  85:              DependencyProperty.RegisterAttached(
  86:                  "TheCommandToRun",
  87:                  typeof(ICommand),
  88:                  typeof(SelectorDoubleClickCommandBehavior),
  89:                  new FrameworkPropertyMetadata((ICommand)null));
  90:   
  91:          /// <summary>
  92:          /// Gets the TheCommandToRun property.  
  93:          /// </summary>
  94:          public static ICommand GetTheCommandToRun(DependencyObject d)
  95:          {
  96:              return (ICommand)d.GetValue(TheCommandToRunProperty);
  97:          }
  98:   
  99:          /// <summary>
 100:          /// Sets the TheCommandToRun property.  
 101:          /// </summary>
 102:          public static void SetTheCommandToRun(DependencyObject d, 
 103:              ICommand value)
 104:          {
 105:              d.SetValue(TheCommandToRunProperty, value);
 106:          }
 107:          #endregion
 108:          #endregion
 109:   
 110:          #region Private Methods
 111:   
 112:   
 113:          /// <summary>
 114:          /// Handle Selector.MouseDoubleClick but will 
 115:          /// only fire the associated ViewModel command 
 116:          /// if the MouseDoubleClick occurred over an actual
 117:          /// ItemsControl item. This is nessecary as if we 
 118:          /// are using a ListView we may have clicked the 
 119:          /// headers which are not items, so do not want the
 120:          /// associated ViewModel command to be run
 121:          /// </summary>
 122:          private static void OnMouseDoubleClick(object sender, 
 123:              MouseButtonEventArgs e)
 124:          {
 125:              //Get the ItemsControl and then get the item, and 
 126:              //check there is an actual item, as if we are using 
 127:              //a ListView we may have clicked the
 128:              //headers which are not items
 129:              ItemsControl listView = sender as ItemsControl;
 130:              DependencyObject originalSender = 
 131:                  e.OriginalSource as DependencyObject;
 132:              if (listView == null || originalSender == null) return;
 133:   
 134:              DependencyObject container = 
 135:                  ItemsControl.ContainerFromElement
 136:                  (sender as ItemsControl, 
 137:                  e.OriginalSource as DependencyObject);
 138:   
 139:              if (container == null || 
 140:                  container == DependencyProperty.UnsetValue) return;
 141:   
 142:              // found a container, now find the item.
 143:              object activatedItem = 
 144:                  listView.ItemContainerGenerator.
 145:                      ItemFromContainer(container);
 146:   
 147:              if (activatedItem != null)
 148:              {
 149:                  ICommand command = 
 150:                      (ICommand)(sender as DependencyObject).
 151:                      GetValue(TheCommandToRunProperty);
 152:   
 153:                  if (command != null)
 154:                  {
 155:                      if (command.CanExecute(null))
 156:                          command.Execute(null);
 157:                  }                
 158:              }
 159:          }
 160:          #endregion
 161:      }
 162:   
 163:  }

 

Where we would use this in XAML as follows:

   1:  <Window x:Class="ListViewDoubleCLick.Window1"
   2:      xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
   3:      xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
   4:      xmlns:local="clr-namespace:ListViewDoubleCLick"
   5:      xmlns:interactivity="clr-       namespace:Microsoft.Expression.Interactivity;
   6:         assembly=Microsoft.Expression.Interactivity" 
   7:      Title="Window1" Height="600" Width="800" 
   8:      WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen">
   9:      <Grid>
  10:   
  11:          <TabControl>
  12:              <TabItem Header="Attached DP Approach">
  13:                  <ListView ItemsSource="{Binding People}"
  14:                    IsSynchronizedWithCurrentItem="True"
  15:                    local:NaiveSelectorDoubleClickCommandBehavior.HandleDoubleClick="true"
  16:                    local:NaiveSelectorDoubleClickCommandBehavior.TheCommandToRun=
  17:                            "{Binding Path=DoItCommand}" >
  18:   
  19:                      <ListView.View>
  20:                          <GridView>
  21:                              <GridViewColumn Header="FirstName"
  22:                                      DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding FirstName}"
  23:                                      Width="80" />
  24:                              <GridViewColumn Header="LastName" 
  25:                                      DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding LastName}"  
  26:                                      Width="80"/>
  27:                          </GridView>
  28:                      </ListView.View>
  29:                  </ListView>
  30:              </TabItem>
  31:          </TabControl>
  32:      </Grid>
  33:   
  34:  </Window>

.csharpcode, .csharpcode pre
{
font-size: small;
color: black;
font-family: consolas, “Courier New”, courier, monospace;
background-color: #ffffff;
/*white-space: pre;*/
}
.csharpcode pre { margin: 0em; }
.csharpcode .rem { color: #008000; }
.csharpcode .kwrd { color: #0000ff; }
.csharpcode .str { color: #006080; }
.csharpcode .op { color: #0000c0; }
.csharpcode .preproc { color: #cc6633; }
.csharpcode .asp { background-color: #ffff00; }
.csharpcode .html { color: #800000; }
.csharpcode .attr { color: #ff0000; }
.csharpcode .alt
{
background-color: #f4f4f4;
width: 100%;
margin: 0em;
}
.csharpcode .lnum { color: #606060; }

 

Or we could get really fancy and use the Blend 3 Microsoft.Expression.Interactivity.Dll which would look something like this :

   1:  using System;
   2:  using System.Collections.Generic;
   3:  using System.Windows;
   4:  using System.Windows.Controls.Primitives;
   5:  using System.Windows.Input;
   6:  using System.Windows.Controls;
   7:  using Microsoft.Expression.Interactivity;
   8:  using System.ComponentModel;
   9:   
  10:  namespace ListViewDoubleCLick
  11:  {
  12:      /// <summary>
  13:      /// Selector MouseDoubleClick calling ViewModel ICommand Behavior
  14:      /// using Blend3 Microsoft.Expression.Interactivity Dll
  15:      /// </summary>
  16:      public class InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction :
  17:          TargetedTriggerAction<FrameworkElement>,
  18:          ICommandSource
  19:      {
  20:          #region DPs
  21:   
  22:          #region Command DP
  23:          /// <summary>
  24:          /// The actual Command to fire when the 
  25:          /// EventTrigger occurs, thus firing this 
  26:          /// InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction
  27:          /// </summary>
  28:          [Category("Command Properties")]
  29:          public ICommand Command
  30:          {
  31:              get { return (ICommand)GetValue(CommandProperty); }
  32:              set { SetValue(CommandProperty, value); }
  33:          }
  34:   
  35:          public static readonly DependencyProperty CommandProperty =
  36:              DependencyProperty.Register(
  37:                  "Command", typeof(ICommand),
  38:                      typeof(InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction),
  39:                      new PropertyMetadata(
  40:                          (ICommand)null, OnCommandChanged));
  41:   
  42:          private static void OnCommandChanged(DependencyObject d,
  43:              DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
  44:          {
  45:              var action = 
  46:                  (InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction)d;
  47:              action.OnCommandChanged((ICommand)e.OldValue, 
  48:                  (ICommand)e.NewValue);
  49:          }
  50:   
  51:          #region Command implementation
  52:   
  53:          /// <summary>
  54:          /// This is a strong reference to the Command.
  55:          /// CanExecuteChanged event handler. 
  56:          /// The commanding system uses a weak 
  57:          /// reference and if we don't enforce a 
  58:          /// strong reference then the event 
  59:          /// handler will be gc'ed.
  60:          /// </summary>
  61:          private EventHandler CanExecuteChangedHandler;
  62:   
  63:   
  64:   
  65:          private void OnCommandChanged(ICommand oldCommand, 
  66:              ICommand newCommand)
  67:          {
  68:              if (oldCommand != null)
  69:                  UnhookCommand(oldCommand);
  70:              if (newCommand != null)
  71:                  HookCommand(newCommand);
  72:          }
  73:   
  74:          private void UnhookCommand(ICommand command)
  75:          {
  76:              command.CanExecuteChanged -= 
  77:                  CanExecuteChangedHandler;
  78:              UpdateCanExecute();
  79:          }
  80:   
  81:          private void HookCommand(ICommand command)
  82:          {
  83:              // Save a strong reference to the 
  84:              // Command.CanExecuteChanged event handler. 
  85:              // The commanding system uses a weak 
  86:              // reference and if we don't save a strong 
  87:              // reference then the event handler will be gc'ed.
  88:              CanExecuteChangedHandler = 
  89:                  new EventHandler(OnCanExecuteChanged);
  90:              command.CanExecuteChanged 
  91:                  += CanExecuteChangedHandler;
  92:              UpdateCanExecute();
  93:          }
  94:   
  95:          private void OnCanExecuteChanged(object sender, 
  96:              EventArgs e)
  97:          {
  98:              UpdateCanExecute();
  99:          }
 100:   
 101:          private void UpdateCanExecute()
 102:          {
 103:              if (Command != null)
 104:              {
 105:                  RoutedCommand command = 
 106:                       Command as RoutedCommand;
 107:                  if (command != null)
 108:                      IsEnabled = 
 109:                          command.CanExecute(
 110:                           CommandParameter, CommandTarget);
 111:                  else
 112:                      IsEnabled = 
 113:                          Command.CanExecute(CommandParameter);
 114:                  if (Target != null && SyncOwnerIsEnabled)
 115:                      Target.IsEnabled = IsEnabled;
 116:              }
 117:          }
 118:   
 119:          #endregion
 120:   
 121:   
 122:          #endregion
 123:   
 124:          #region CommandParameter DP
 125:          /// <summary>
 126:          /// For consistency with the Wpf Command pattern
 127:          /// </summary>
 128:          [Category("Command Properties")]
 129:          public object CommandParameter
 130:          {
 131:              get { return (object)GetValue(
 132:                  CommandParameterProperty); }
 133:              set { SetValue(CommandParameterProperty, value); }
 134:          }
 135:   
 136:          public static readonly DependencyProperty 
 137:              CommandParameterProperty =
 138:              DependencyProperty.Register(
 139:                  "CommandParameter", typeof(object), 
 140:                      typeof(InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction),
 141:                          new PropertyMetadata());
 142:          #endregion
 143:   
 144:          #region CommandTarget DP
 145:          /// <summary>
 146:          /// For consistency with the Wpf Command pattern
 147:          /// </summary>
 148:          [Category("Command Properties")]
 149:          public IInputElement CommandTarget
 150:          {
 151:              get { return (IInputElement)GetValue(
 152:                  CommandTargetProperty); }
 153:              set { SetValue(CommandTargetProperty, value); }
 154:          }
 155:   
 156:          public static readonly DependencyProperty 
 157:              CommandTargetProperty =
 158:              DependencyProperty.Register(
 159:                  "CommandTarget", typeof(IInputElement), 
 160:                      typeof(InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction),
 161:                          new PropertyMetadata());
 162:          #endregion
 163:   
 164:          #region SyncOwnerIsEnabled DP
 165:          /// <summary>
 166:          /// Allows the user to specify that the 
 167:          /// owner element should be 
 168:          /// enabled/disabled whenever the 
 169:          /// action is enabled/disabled.
 170:          /// </summary>
 171:          [Category("Command Properties")]
 172:          public bool SyncOwnerIsEnabled
 173:          {
 174:              get { return (bool)GetValue(SyncOwnerIsEnabledProperty); }
 175:              set { SetValue(SyncOwnerIsEnabledProperty, value); }
 176:          }
 177:   
 178:          /// <summary>
 179:          /// When SyncOwnerIsEnabled is true 
 180:          /// then changing 
 181:          /// InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction.
 182:          /// IsEnabled 
 183:          /// will automatically update the owner 
 184:          /// (Target) IsEnabled property.
 185:          /// </summary>
 186:          public static readonly DependencyProperty 
 187:              SyncOwnerIsEnabledProperty =
 188:              DependencyProperty.Register(
 189:                  "SyncOwnerIsEnabled", typeof(bool), 
 190:                      typeof(InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction),
 191:                      new PropertyMetadata());
 192:          #endregion
 193:   
 194:          #endregion
 195:   
 196:          #region Overrides
 197:          /// <summary>
 198:          /// On attached hook up our own MouseDoubleClick so we
 199:          /// can check we actually double click an item
 200:          /// </summary>
 201:          protected override void OnAttached()
 202:          {
 203:              base.OnAttached();
 204:              Selector s = this.AssociatedObject as Selector;
 205:              if (s != null)
 206:              {
 207:                  s.MouseDoubleClick += OnMouseDoubleClick;
 208:              }
 209:          }
 210:   
 211:          /// <summary>
 212:          /// On attached unhook the previously 
 213:          /// hooked MouseDoubleClick handler
 214:          /// </summary>
 215:          protected override void OnDetaching()
 216:          {
 217:              base.OnDetaching();
 218:              Selector s = this.AssociatedObject as Selector;
 219:              if (s != null)
 220:              {
 221:                  s.MouseDoubleClick -= OnMouseDoubleClick;
 222:              }
 223:          }
 224:   
 225:          //Must at least implement abstract member invoke
 226:          protected override void Invoke(object parameter)
 227:          {
 228:              //The logic for this is done in the OnMouseDoubleClick
 229:              //as we only wanto fire command if we are actually on an
 230:              //Item in the Selector. If the Selector is a ListView we
 231:              //may have headers so will not want to fire associated
 232:              //Command when a header is double clicked
 233:          }
 234:          #endregion
 235:   
 236:          #region Private Methods
 237:   
 238:          /// <summary>
 239:          /// Handle Selector.MouseDoubleClick but will 
 240:          /// only fire the associated ViewModel command 
 241:          /// if the MouseDoubleClick occurred over an actual
 242:          /// ItemsControl item. This is nessecary as if we 
 243:          /// are using a ListView we may have clicked the 
 244:          /// headers which are not items, so do not want the
 245:          /// associated ViewModel command to be run
 246:          /// </summary>
 247:          private static void OnMouseDoubleClick(object sender,
 248:              MouseButtonEventArgs e)
 249:          {
 250:              //Get the ItemsControl and then get the item, and 
 251:              //check there is an actual item, as if we are using 
 252:              //a ListView we may have clicked the
 253:              //headers which are not items
 254:              ItemsControl listView = sender as ItemsControl;
 255:              DependencyObject originalSender =
 256:                  e.OriginalSource as DependencyObject;
 257:              if (listView == null || originalSender == null) return;
 258:   
 259:              DependencyObject container =
 260:                  ItemsControl.ContainerFromElement
 261:                  (sender as ItemsControl,
 262:                  e.OriginalSource as DependencyObject);
 263:   
 264:              if (container == null ||
 265:                  container == DependencyProperty.UnsetValue) return;
 266:   
 267:              // found a container, now find the item.
 268:              object activatedItem =
 269:                  listView.ItemContainerGenerator.
 270:                      ItemFromContainer(container);
 271:   
 272:              if (activatedItem != null)
 273:              {
 274:                  ICommand command =
 275:                      (ICommand)(sender as DependencyObject).
 276:                      GetValue(TheCommandToRunProperty);
 277:   
 278:                  if (command != null)
 279:                  {
 280:                      if (command.CanExecute(null))
 281:                          command.Execute(null);
 282:                  }
 283:              }
 284:          }
 285:   
 286:          #endregion
 287:      }
 288:   
 289:  }

.csharpcode, .csharpcode pre
{
font-size: small;
color: black;
font-family: consolas, “Courier New”, courier, monospace;
background-color: #ffffff;
/*white-space: pre;*/
}
.csharpcode pre { margin: 0em; }
.csharpcode .rem { color: #008000; }
.csharpcode .kwrd { color: #0000ff; }
.csharpcode .str { color: #006080; }
.csharpcode .op { color: #0000c0; }
.csharpcode .preproc { color: #cc6633; }
.csharpcode .asp { background-color: #ffff00; }
.csharpcode .html { color: #800000; }
.csharpcode .attr { color: #ff0000; }
.csharpcode .alt
{
background-color: #f4f4f4;
width: 100%;
margin: 0em;
}
.csharpcode .lnum { color: #606060; }

Which we could use from XAML as follows:

   1:  <Window x:Class="ListViewDoubleCLick.Window1"
   2:      xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
   3:      xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
   4:      xmlns:local="clr-namespace:ListViewDoubleCLick"
   5:      xmlns:interactivity="clr-namespace:Microsoft.Expression.Interactivity;assembly=Microsoft.Expression.Interactivity" 
   6:      Title="Window1" Height="600" Width="800" 
   7:      WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen">
   8:      <Grid>
   9:   
  10:          <TabControl>
  11:               <TabItem Header="Using Blend3 Interactivity Dll" >
  12:                  <ListView ItemsSource="{Binding People}" 
  13:                    IsSynchronizedWithCurrentItem="True">
  14:   
  15:                      <interactivity:Interaction.Triggers>
  16:                          <interactivity:EventTrigger EventName="MouseDoubleClick">
  17:                              <local:InteractionsSelectorDoubleClickCommandAction 
  18:                                  Command="{Binding DoItCommand}" 
  19:                                  SyncOwnerIsEnabled="True" />
  20:                          </interactivity:EventTrigger>
  21:                      </interactivity:Interaction.Triggers>
  22:   
  23:                      <ListView.View>
  24:                          <GridView>
  25:                              <GridViewColumn Header="FirstName"
  26:                                      DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding FirstName}"
  27:                                      Width="80" />
  28:                              <GridViewColumn Header="LastName" 
  29:                                      DisplayMemberBinding="{Binding LastName}"  
  30:                                      Width="80"/>
  31:                          </GridView>
  32:                      </ListView.View>
  33:                  </ListView>
  34:              </TabItem>
  35:          </TabControl>
  36:          
  37:   
  38:   
  39:      </Grid>
  40:   
  41:  </Window>
 
As usual here is a small demo project:  

.csharpcode, .csharpcode pre
{
font-size: small;
color: black;
font-family: consolas, “Courier New”, courier, monospace;
background-color: #ffffff;
/*white-space: pre;*/
}
.csharpcode pre { margin: 0em; }
.csharpcode .rem { color: #008000; }
.csharpcode .kwrd { color: #0000ff; }
.csharpcode .str { color: #006080; }
.csharpcode .op { color: #0000c0; }
.csharpcode .preproc { color: #cc6633; }
.csharpcode .asp { background-color: #ffff00; }
.csharpcode .html { color: #800000; }
.csharpcode .attr { color: #ff0000; }
.csharpcode .alt
{
background-color: #f4f4f4;
width: 100%;
margin: 0em;
}
.csharpcode .lnum { color: #606060; }

http://sachabarber.net/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/listviewdoubleclick.zip

Advertisements